This graphic shared by Ted Stevens of Horizon Cohousing neatly highlights the main differences between Community Led Housing and CoLiving.
Several profit-led high rise CoLiving developments are being planned in Manchester City Centre.
As we look back on 2019 and look forward to 2020, it’s good to remind ourselves of what MUCH have achieved in the last 12 months.
We signed a partnership agreement with Great Places, our Housing Association development partners.
Paddock Johnson Partnership have been selected as our architects and we had an initial design workshop with them to explore and expand on our Design Criteria.
Florence Collier of humblebee.eco came to talk to us about building to the Passivhaus standard.
We’re updating our Mem&Arts, now with help from solicitors who specialise in community led housing.
A Consensus Decision Making workshop provided a refresher and spurred us on to work harder on making our decision making processes both more effective and more efficient.
We’ve met with councillors, and council officers, attended GMCA Co-operative and Community Controlled Housing Project meetings and GM Housing Futures events.
Several prospective members have met with us for coffee, some have joined us for a shared meal and some have attended one or more MUCH monthly meetings.
We’ve visited OWCH in London, the first CoHousing scheme for the over 50s completed in the UK. We’ve visited other CoHousing schemes both home and abroad. We’re talking to another South Manchester CoHousing group.
And we’ve looked at more sites. Some are too small or too big. Some are too expensive. Some turned out not to be available for development. Finding the owner is sometimes difficult. Some are unsuitable for development for other reasons.
So although we still don’t have a site, we have been busy talking to lots of people, and learning, and continuing to lay down the virtual foundations of our CoHousing!
Wishing all our readers a Happy New Year,
Sian (member of MUCH)
I follow a website called House Planning Help, a source of many articles about self build, quite often low energy, sustainable self builds.
In this article, Kevin McCloud from Grand Designs has some advice on new ways of building to address the climate emergency. He even refers to the impact of sharing resources, which of course is something we CoHousing people are very aware of. While we at MUCH may not be planning on sharing a trampoline with our neighbours, we’re definitely intending to share cars, washing machines and gardening tools.
Sian (member of MUCH)
We’re very excited to announce that we have finally received a signed contract from Homes England for the Community Housing Fund. This will support the development of the early stages of our project, and help us identify a site, work up our business plan, obtain legal, environmental and sustainability advice and appoint an architect. We raised a glass a while ago when we heard that we had been successful in our bid, but it’s only now that the paperwork has been finalised!
This has meant that we are also now in a position to sign a partnership agreement with Great Places who are one of the largest home building housing associations in the North. We have been building up a strong relationship with Great Places over several years, and they are keen to bring their expertise in housing development to work with us to create housing that will meet our needs. Signing a partnership agreement with Great Places brings us a step closer to realising our dream. We are clear about what we want, and Great Places are committed to helping us achieve it.
MUCH are continuing to recruit members to join this South Manchester group. If you are interested in joining us, and are, or approaching, fifty or older, then please contact us at email@example.com to find out more.
Six of us went to visit the OWCH site, New Ground, in Barnet on the 1st of May. We were fortunate to be accompanied by 2 partners from Paddock Johnson (our newly selected architects). We arrived and were met by four members of OWCH and Maria Brenton who organizes a lot of their publicity and advice offer as well as a few other interested individuals including a reporter from the Guardian.
It was a great opportunity to see the way the co-housing group have delivered their scheme and find out at firsthand how it is to live there. We were able to visit a number of flats and speak to lots of the women residents. At the end of the afternoon we all came back together and were able to raise any further questions we had over a cup of tea in the common room .
The site is inspirational to visit and, it appears, to live in whether as a tenant or a home owner. The gardens are maturing and the build is well designed to sit on the boundaries of the land offering every flat views onto the main gardens and creating a variety of smaller garden nooks and crannies where the laundry, drying area, parking and other communal amenities are located. Although all of the flat units are built to one of three standard designs there is no feel of being in a housing block or institutionalized setting. All the flats have balconies over or direct access to the main gardens.
We were interested to hear that OWCH, despite its best endeavours, felt very limited in its ability to influence build decisions as the programme rolled out. However the individual flats are beautiful, welcoming, bright, well heated (hot and cold) and even the smallest felt spacious. Three years after taking ownership, each flat now displays the individual style and preferences of each member of OWCH that lives there. It was enticing to see how people had made their homes so unique within the basic design.
There were many architectural aspects of the building which caught our imagination and that we have taken away to discuss further and indeed we had an interesting initial debrief with our architects at a wonderful nearby tea room before we all set off for home. In particular, over and above the need to have a comfortable individual living space, we noted the proximity of a very good range of local amenities, the challenges of being private and secure whilst open to engaging with the local community, the specific challenges to maximize use of shared spaces throughout the building, the importance of creating spaces which act as a natural enabler to promote friendship, combat loneliness and isolation and the need to offer a wide a range of strategies to support predictable ageing requirements from the start.
What was abundantly clear was the pride and affection which the residents of New Ground have for their home and the way in which, despite the challenges they have already met and continue to address, they feel that living as part of an older persons’ cohousing community enhances the quality of their lives.
Our March meeting was an all-dayer, and all MUCH members were there. Hurray!
We covered a lot of ground, with discussions that we often don’t have time for in a short meeting.
As usual, we started with a quick catchup of how we were all feeling – we think it’s helpful to understand that people’s responses to discussions and decisions may be affected by their current sense of wellbeing or of those they are close to.
Over the years the information on our website has become a bit out of date, so we’ve decided to address this by tackling any inconsistencies on the website and by pulling together a number of documents to which we can direct potential members. You might already know a great deal about CoHousing, but if not we can point you in the direction of some good resources that describe the principles of CoHousing. We’ll also include a short description of the joining process – how you can get to know us and how we can get to know you; the kinds of places we would like to build our community; what it might physically look like; and some of the things that are important to us in the way we live in our community.
Next we began an exercise looking at how we think our lives and priorities might change over the next 5, 10, 20 years, trying to understand how the importance of our location in the wider community might change. It is likely that moving into our intentional community will mean all the group moving away from friends and local networks and coming to terms with this fact is a necessary step in our journey together, and will be important when we make the decision to bid for a site.
The other main business of the day took place after a delicious shared lunch. This is nearly always a surprisingly varied feast, and this time was no exception.
Our vision and values mention living sustainably, but we agreed it was time to tease out what aspects were important to us. Things to be considered include social sustainability, and this is what CoHousing is all about. Financial sustainability is also well understood – we have to be able to afford to build the homes we want and then to maintain them and pay for running costs in the decades to come. We also need to consider the carbon footprint of our buildings, the care of our immediate environment, and making sure our homes are resilient to a changing climate – able to cope with increasing temperature ranges, floods, droughts and storms. Designing homes that can be adapted as we grow older is particularly important to us as a group, as is the flexibility to accommodate changes in technology. The discussion will no doubt continue…
Here at Manchester Urban Co-Housing (MUCH) we have had a busy year. We’ve continued to make connections with other cohousing and community-led housing groups, to meet with local authority councillors and officers, and we have renewed our discussions with our partner housing association too. We’re also pleased to announce that we now have a Facebook & Twitter presence @muchmanchester.
Manchester is catching up with other parts of the country in learning about community-led housing and we have attended some events leading up to the launch of the Manchester Community Led Housing Hub. Councillors and housing officers are also keen to support this growing movement and want to see three affordable schemes up and running in 2019. However, although we want to provide some homes for social rent, we’re discussing how we might be able to fit the affordable homes criteria.
Like many other groups, we have applied to Homes England for Community Housing Fund funding and are waiting to hear whether we have been successful. In the meantime we have been able to access some funding from Greater Manchester for a workshop to explore the different legal forms that might be most appropriate for us, and are now customising a set of Mems & Arts for our new company. We have also obtained funding to run a consensus decision making training session since it’s a while since the last consensus training session took place and the newest members haven’t yet received training.
Speaking of members, we’re still looking for more members who share our vision and who are willing to take a full part in making the dream come true. We feel that we’ll be ready to hit the ground running when we find a suitable site, but that is still proving to be a real challenge. We continue to follow up leads, and record our site assessments. We want to be close to the facilities that will allow us to continue to live active lives, or at least close to good public transport.
Sadly so far nothing of the right size, in the right location, that is actually for sale, at the right price has been found. But we’re optimistic that something will turn up soon. Maybe 2019 is the year…
Several members of MUCH attended the well attended, and energetic, Greater Manchester Community-led Housing Network Launch, at the Mechanics Institute in Manchester on 8th December 2018.
This was the last in a series of events organised by Housing Futures through 2018, in parallel with research into community led housing in the UK and abroad, to find out how community led housing can hep solve the current housing crisis.
The event was opened by Sophie King of the University of Sheffield Urban Institute, who spoke about her work with community groups in Collyhurst, Manchester.
Paul Dennett, City of Salford Mayor and Greater Manchester Lead for Housing explained that Greater Manchester had lost over 90,000 homes since 1980 due to Right To Buy, while over 80,000 households are now on housing waiting lists. He spoke positively about Housing Future’s recommendations, including the continued development of a Greater Manchester Hub to support community led housing across the city region, which was independent of local government.
Manchester City Council’s Director of Housing, Jon Sawyer, outlined Manchester City Council’s approach, referencing a report on affordable housing (which was subsequently approved on 12th December), which set out a new vision for the provision of affordable housing across the city. Manchester is committed to initially supporting three affordable CLH developments totalling at least 30 homes, on council land, and subsequently unleashing the potential for more CLH, of all tenures, and including age-friendly developments. He emphasised that the social benefits of CLH to local communities outweigh the longer development time and smaller sites involved.
All speakers recognised that CoHousing could make a relatively small but important contribution to community led housing, especially in addressing problems of isolation for older people.
Following the talks, we were invited to take part in one of these sessions:
Before leaving, we added our personal ‘next steps’ to a wall as we reassembled in the main hall.
Although this was the culmination of one series of events, it was emphasised that this was just the beginning of the next phase of support for community led housing in Greater Manchester.
The “Social Care Future” conference was held on 14th and 15th November 2018, in Manchester.
MUCH was invited to take part in the session entitled “Shaping a better future with older people who need long term support” at the People’s History Museum.
The focus of this session was on alternatives to institutional options and more traditional models, including housing options. It allowed the audience to consider ideas and models and identify appealing options, with help from Vic Raynor from the National Care Forum and Jeremy Porteus and Claire Skidmore from the Housing Learning Information Network.
The session used a Dragon’s Den format, where a number of organisations ‘pitched’ their alternative approaches to a panel, explained the benefits to individuals, local communities, health and care services.
Evermore’s motto is “Live life in full colour” and it plans to change the world’s view of ageing by abolishing institutions and creating spaces that provide physical, mental and emotional nourishment. The communities are based on the small household model and provide a family-style environment for older people who are on their own and finding it increasingly difficult to cope without help. One bedroom apartments open onto the household’s communal living room and kitchen, with a team of staff members who each clean, cook, manage the household budget and act as advocates for residents.
MUCH are building an intentional CoHousing community for over 50s. The vision is of active citizenship, decision making, and living together in a supportive way. The community will consist of individual apartments, together with communal spaces to cook, eat and socialise together, as well as shared outdoor space and laundry facilities. MUCH believes that the co-housing approach will help improve and extend older people’s health, combat loneliness and isolation, and postpone or even prevent the need for residential social care, sheltered housing, extra-care.
PossAbilities Homeshare matches up older householders with a spare room who need a little bit of support – shopping, gardening, cooking, with younger people who are able and willing to provide 10 hours of help per week, in return for a room. This can help them save up for a deposit on their first home, or help fund their studies. After careful matching, including face to face interviews, Homeshare draws up an agreement of expectations and responsibilities on both sides and provides 24 hour backup support.
Belong Villages provide a range of services from apartments where people live independently with emergency support, to households with 24-hour support for customers, including specialist nursing and dementia care. Each household is an ‘extended family’ sized community for 11 or 12 residents, with bedrooms opening onto an open-plan, shared communal space. Each village has a bistro, hair salon, exercise and therapy spaces which are open to all residents of the village as well as to the wider community, which allow customers to continue enjoying normal activities.
Manchester Care and Repair provide a number of services, from handymen who carry out small jobs and install fall prevention measures, ‘home from hospital’ services to help transition from hospital to home again, and assistance in claiming welfare benefits. They provide a cost effective means of avoiding hospital admissions following falls, and allow earlier return home than might otherwise be possible.
After each pitch was made the panel questioned the presenter, then, while the panel deliberated, the audience were given an opportunity to discuss the pros and cons of each approach in small groups. In their summing up the panel congratulated all the teams who took part on the work they were doing, suggesting that while people generally wanted to be part of a community in later life, they did not want to live in ghettoes of ‘old’ people.
While the alternatives pitched offered different degrees of support and management it was clear that only in the MUCH CoHousing approach did members collectively decide how they would manage and run their community, and support each other to remain in their homes for as long as possible. Two of the pitches were from organisations who provide support to people in their own homes, and the other two were from organisations who provide an interesting variation on residential care and support.
Following on from the last post about sustainability, this time we’re going to focus on Passivhaus. Some people love them, some people hate them, but there’s no doubt that they deliver huge environmental benefits.
According to the Passivhaus Trust “Passivhaus buildings achieve a 75% reduction in space heating requirements, compared to standard practice for UK new build.” and importantly “Evidence and feedback to date shows that Passivhaus buildings are performing to standard, which is crucial, given that the discrepancy between design aspiration and as-built performance for many new buildings in the UK can be as much as 50-100%.”
Passivhaus homes are designed to maintain internal temperatures within a comfortable temperature and humidity range throughout the year, with only a small amount of space heating needed.
Insulation, triple glazed windows and air-tightness keep heat in or out.
A Mechanical Ventilation with Heat Recovery system keeps air clean and contrary to popular belief, windows can be opened!
The Green Building Store have answers to some popular questions about MVHR.
As well as individual homes, schools and offices, some residential developments of up to 68 homes in the UK have been PassivHaus certified. They include:
“Before granting planning permission, Leicester City Council made Passivhaus certification an essential requirement for all 68 homes on the Saffron Acres development. The different orientations of the plots made this an even greater challenge because it meant that a variety of fabric specifications would have to be used for insulation. All 68 plots achieved Passivhaus certification, making Saffron Acres the largest Passivhaus residential development in the UK”.
“All 51 homes at an affordable residential scheme in Rainham, Essex have received Passivhaus certification. The development consists of a mix of family homes and apartments, arranged in two rows of three-storey homes, a row of two-storey terraces and an apartment building.“
“Our multi award winning eco cohousing community at Forgebank consists of 36 private homes, community facilities, workshops/offices/studios and shared outdoor space. Our cosy and comfortable homes meet Passivhaus and Code for Sustainable Homes (level 6) standards, and we benefit from renewable technologies (solar, biomass and hydroelectricity).”
Food for thought when planning a CoHousing development?